Leukemia is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in children in Canada.
It can take several years to collect and confirm cancer data, so the number of new cancer cases and deaths from recent years may not be available for some time. The most recent data available are provided.
The most recent incidence and mortality statistics for leukemia in children aged 0 to 14 years are from 2009 to 2013.
- 1,445 Canadian children were diagnosed with leukemia.
- 145 Canadian children died from leukemia.
- 1,130 Canadian children were diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 59 died from it.
- 180 Canadian children were diagnosed with acute myelogenous leukemia and 57 died from it.
Children with leukemia and their parents may have questions about prognosis and survival. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor familiar with a child’s medical history, type of cancer, characteristics of the
cancer, treatments chosen and response to treatment can put all of this information together with survival statistics to arrive at a prognosis.
A prognosis is the doctor’s best estimate of how cancer will affect the child, and how it will respond to treatment. A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the child that the doctor will consider when making a prognosis. A predictive factor influences how a cancer will respond to a certain treatment. Prognostic and predictive factors are often discussed together and they both play a part in deciding on a treatment plan and a prognosis.
Prognostic factors can vary depending on whether the child has acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) or acute myelogenous leukemia (AML)