About 7 million death among children under the age of 5 worldwide were recorded in the year 2011(UNICEF, 2012). 41% of these deaths occur in Sub Saharan Africa. Despite the fact that these deaths can be prevented through low-cost public health interventions, the death among these children remains high (Grais RF, Dubray C, Gerstl S, Guthmann JP, Djibo A, Nargaye KD,, 2007).
Nigeria a multi-ethnic country with diverse cultural practices, find it difficult in obtaining permission to seek medical assistant. In traditional African societies such as Nigeria, culture has a pervasive influence on the way women are being treated. In 1988, the culture policy of Nigeria proves the facts that culture represents the totality of the way of life of a given society. Therefore, discrimination against women tend to seek justification in cultural moves, beliefs, and practices. Most Nigerian women are held down from realizing their full rights as individuals (Abara Chinwe, Julie, 2012)
Meanwhile, higher level of maternal education has been established as a significant factor for the achievement of improved access to health care services. It has been noted that policies to increase child survival through pathways of improved healthcare access are beneficial to children of better educated mothers. This plays an important role because it shapes the cultures, opinions, customs, norms and attitudes, as well as determine exposure to a range of new ideas and values (UNICEF, 2010).
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