Friday, January 27, 2017

Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health

In American cities, walking and bicycling has become dangerous to get around within the cities due to the neglect of pedestrian and bicycling safety (A. H. Mokdad, B. A. Bowman, E. S. Ford, F. Vivicor, J. S. Marks, and J. P. Koplan,, 2001). 

This has worsen the epidemic of obesity. Nationwide surveys  on self reported weight and height shows an increase in obesity from 12% of adults in 1991, to 20% in 2000. The estimate of obesity on clinical measurements of weight and height are high, indicating that in the year 2000, 31% of the adult population was obese, and 64% was overweight (Flegal KM1, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL., 2002). Scientific studies show that lack in physical activity is a significant alarm towards the increase rate of obesity ( C. Dora, 1999). 

Improving conditions for walking and bicycling in American cities will be a measure in decreasing pedestrian and cycling fatalities, and injuries, grant access to people who are overweight to bike or walk for a short trip, thus obtaining a physical activities in their life. 

The following are ways in Improving Safe Walking and Cycling:
  1. Better facilities for walking and cycling 
  2. Traffic calming of residential neighborhood
  3. Urban design oriented to people not cars
  4. Restriction on motor vehicle use 
  5. Traffic education
  6. Traffic regulation and enforcement


REFERENCES


1.      C. Dora. (1999, June 19). A different route to health: implications of transport policies. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10373178
2.       A. H. Mokdad, B. A. Bowman, E. S. Ford, F. Vivicor, J. S. Marks, and J. P. Koplan,. (2001, September 12). “The Continuing Epidemics of Obesity and Diabetes in the United States. 1195-1200. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11559264
3.       Flegal KM1, Carroll MD, Ogden CL, Johnson CL. (2002, October 9). Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2000. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12365955

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